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Часть III, раздел 4. Чтение

Время, в течение которого желательно выполнить данный раздел: 15 минут

Инструкции к разделу 4.

В данном разделе вам предстоит прочитать текст, написанный в повествовательном стиле. По прочтение этого текста вам нужно будет ответить на несколько вопросов, к каждому из которых предлагается 4 варианта ответов. Будьте внимательны - вам нужно выбрать не просто подходящий по смыслу вариант, а тот, который наиболее полно отвечает на поставленный вопрос.




     The period of the Revolution was a time of contrasts in American fashion. In urban centers, women enjoyed a wide range of expression in the fashions available to them, even though shortages might force a young lady tо wear an outfit made from the bright red uniform of her British beau. The patriots, however, tended to scorn fashion as frivolous in time of war. In remote areas, patriotic groups led boycotts of British goods and loomed their own woolen cloth.
     In selecting clothes, stylish American ladies depended on "fashion babies" - foot-high dolls illustrating the latest Paris styles. This infatuation with the fashion trends of the "continent" remained intact well into the 20th century. Indeed even today, New York's fashion industry has not fully escaped the tyranny of French design.
     Mourning garments were almost impossible to obtain since black cloth had to be imported from England; black armbands were introduced as a substitute. Gauze, indispensable for petticoats, aprons, and ladies' headgear, was also in short supply. There was also a taste for outlandish accessories and fanciful detailing: feathers in hats, elaborate buttons, and gaudily patterned fabrics. These excesses were called "macaroni" and are immortalized in the song "Yankee Doodle."

32.  Which of the following is the most appropriate title for this passage?

A Revolution in Fashion
Clothing Shortages of the Revolution
Clothing Styles in Revolutionary America
Conflict in the Fashion Industry

33.  The word beau in line 4 is closest in meaning to:

male friend

34.  Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about people's attitudes towards fashion?

They varied according to political beliefs
They were determined mainly by geography
They corresponded to a person's social standing
They were a matter of personal taste

35.  The word loomed in line 5 is closest in meaning to:

grew bigger

36.  What were clothes made from in rural areas?

home-made wool
imported British goods
cloth stolen from the British

37.  "Fashion babies" were:

dolls for children
12-inch figures used to display clothes
life-size models dressed in current styles
illustrations from fashion magazines

38.  The word tyranny in line 10 is closest in meaning to:


39.  Which of the following can best be said about the Paris' fashion industry?

It has come to the forefront only recently, compared to New York
It has long exterted a powerful influence on American fashion
It retains its taste for gaudy "macaroni" type excess
It is unable to break free from New York's influence

40.  Black armbands were worn to show:

the tyranny of Paris fashions
imported cloth from England
fanciful detailing

41.  The word  gaudily in the line 14 is closest in meaning to:


42.  It can be inferred from the passage that "maraconi":

was so named because of its resemblance to the continent of Europe
was a very short-lived and ill-conceived fashion trend
had a more mundane application to petticoats and aprons
was not the fashion style of avowed patriots

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