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Часть III, раздел 2. Чтение

Время, в течение которого желательно выполнить данный раздел: 12 минут

Инструкции к разделу 2.

В данном разделе вам предстоит прочитать текст, написанный в повествовательном стиле. По прочтение этого текста вам нужно будет ответить на несколько вопросов, к каждому из которых предлагается 4 варианта ответов. Будьте внимательны - вам нужно выбрать не просто подходящий по смыслу вариант, а тот, который наиболее полно отвечает на поставленный вопрос.





     The Quakers, also called the Society of Friends, are a Christian group that arose in the mid-17th century in England and the American colonies. Quakerism came into being in England on or around 1652, when George Fox began to organize converts to preach his doctrine of "God in every man". The Friends were silent at their meetings, waiting for the "inward light". They believed people should sense God inside of themselves, without church buildings, appointed preachers, written liturgy, or many of the outward trappings associated with Christianity.
     The Society of Friends is part of the left wing of the 17th -century English Puritan movement; in America, Quakers were persecuted by Puritans. Quakers experienced much official persecuted by Puritans. Quakers experienced much official persecution, including imprisonment and execution, for their belief that worship of God should be very personal. The term "Quaker" may refer to their penchant for "quaking" during religious services, or it may be a derogatory reference to supposed Quaker cowardliness and belief in pacifism.
     Quakerism in the American colonies existed mainly in the northeast. The American Quaker population surged after 1682 when Quaker William Penn founded the state of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers and a "holy experiment" in religious toleration. Quakers were prominent and powerful in the Pennsylvania state government in the period before the American Revolution. During and after the Revolution, Friends concerned themselves with the plight of Native Americans. They also worked with escaped slaves and for the abolition of slavery. They continued to be known for their efforts at social reform.

13.  In which of the following publications would this passage be most likely to appear?

an anthology of English literature
an introductory American history book
a book about Eastern religions
a basic math textbook

14.  The word their in line 4 refers to:

religious services
the Friends

15.  The word persecuted in line 10 in closest in meaning to:


16.  Where in the passage does the author give an example of Quaker involvement in social issues?

lines 3 - 4
lines 9 - 10
lines 16 - 17
lines 19 - 20

17.  Which of the following would be an example of "the outward trappings associated with Christianity" referred to in lines 6 - 7?

silent, leaderless worship
concern for social reform
the doctrine of "God in every man"

18.  It can be inferred from the passage that early Quakers experienced official persecution because:

they were known for "quaking" during religious services
they helped found the state of Pennsylvania
they came to America from England
their religious beliefs were considered subversive

19.  Why does the author mention execution in line 11?

It is an example of the persecution Quakers faced
It is an outward trapping of Christianity
This serves as an example of William Penn's policies
Many religions were concerned with this issue

20.  The paragraph after this passage would most likely be about:

the decline of the Quaker population since World War I
The similarities and differences between Quakers and Puritans
Ways in which Quakers today show concern for others
Social reforms enacted by Quakers during American Revolution

21.  from the passage, it can be inferred that the Puritans were:


22.  The word penchant in the line 12 most nearly means:


23.  Why did the American Quaker population surge after William Penn founded Pennsylvania?

Pennsylvania tolerated the Quaker religion
Pennsylvania forbade religions other than Quakerism
The Pennsylvania government tried to help escaped slaves
Social reform was important to most Americans

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Теперь попробуйте Часть III, раздел 3. Чтение

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